Changing assigned sex
In the central civil status register, the births
- of all Austrian nationals and
- everyone born in Austria (irrespective of nationality)
are recorded, along with their sex. Living in Austria Convention refugees and stateless persons or persons with undetermined nationality are also registered.
For those who have neither the Austrian nationality nor asylum status, the law of the country of their nationality (which may refer to Austrian law) usually applies for any change in civil status.
After the gender change or correction is approved, the data regarding the sex recorded is changed in the Central Civil Status Register (ZPR) and a new birth certificate can be issued upon request.
Having undergone gender reassignment surgery or divorce is not a requirement for a change of sex in Austria.
According to the jurisprudence of the highest court in connection with transsexuality, an irreversible feeling of belonging to the other sex and a clear approximation to the external appearance of the other sex is required for a change of sex (VwGH 15.09.2009, 2008/06/0032, VwSlg 17746 A/2009). As a rule, this can only be sufficiently clarified by obtaining an expert opinion.
For more information, please contact the authority conducting the procedure.
For a change of sex for transsexuals in the case of transgender applicants, the MA 63 (→ City of Vienna)German text requires:
A report from a psychiatrist, psychotherapist or clinical psychologist containing:
- a statement that there is a sense of belonging to the opposite sex and that this is likely to be largely irreversible;
- confirmation that a clear approximation of the external appearance of the opposite sex is in evidence.
The case-law of the Constitutional Court has established an additional sex category – intersexuality – that is biologically separate from male or female. Intersexual individuals have a right to their sex category (= so-called "3rd gender") being recorded in the civil status register (VfSlg 20258/2018).
The terms 'divers', 'inter' or 'open' are available for recording the sex category. It is also possible to delete the sex recorded.
According to the guidelines of the highest court jurisprudence, an application for the registration of an intersexual gender category can be approved under the following condition:
Submission of an expert opinion stating that the sex of the applicant person cannot be assigned to either the male or the female sex on the basis of his/her chromosomal, anatomical and/or hormonal development.
Applications for a change or correction of gender must always be submitted to a civil status authority.
The civil status authorities are the following:
- The registry office ('Standesamt') or registry office association ('Standesamtsverband') of the municipality
- In chartered urban districtsGerman text: the registry office of the magistrate
- In Vienna: the registry offices in Vienna
An appeal against a decision by the department responsible for civil status ('Standesamt', registry office) can be filed with the relevant Regional Adminstrative Court. This must be submitted within four weeks to the authority which issued the decision.
Other administrative processes
Change of sex must take place before a new, gender-specific first name can be adopted, which is done via a change of name by adults or minors.
In Austria, foreign nationals can only change their name if they are stateless or of undetermined nationality and have their usual place of residence in Austria, or are refugees in accordance with the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees and have their residence or usual place of residence in Austria.
The registry office will subsequently issue birth certificate, which enables holders to apply for all relevant documents to be reissued, such as:
- Confirmation of registration ('Meldebestätigung')
- Change of name in the certificate of citizenship ('Staatsbürgerschaftsnachweis')
- Passport reissue
- Duplicate driving licence
- Change in civil status (→ City of Vienna)
- Decision of the Supreme Administrative Court, VwSlg 17746 A/2009
- Decision of the Constitutional Court, VfSlg 20258/2018
Sections 2, 41 Personenstandsgesetz (PStG 2013)
Responsible for the content: Federal Ministry of the Interior